#1 Breathalyser can detect 17 diseases by algernonpj 22.12.2016 11:26

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Breathalyser can detect 17 diseases
Henry Bodkin
21 December 2016 • 4:47pm

As far back as 400 BC, Hippocrates advised his students to smell their patients’ breaths to detect if they were ill.

Now, researchers in America have invented a system which does just that, only rather more scientifically.

A new analyser uses nano-rays to determine the precise chemical composition of a person’s breath.
"We have a device which can discriminate between them, which is elegant and affordable"Professor Hossam Haick

From that it is able to detect the “signature” of any of 17 serious diseases, from kidney cancer to Parkinson’s disease.

Exhaled breath contains nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen, as well as small amounts of more than 100 other chemicals, but the relative amount of each substance varies depending on a person’s state of health.

Writing in the journal ACS Nano, scientists describe how they analyzed the results with artificial intelligence techniques to classify and diagnose the conditions.

They found that each disease produces a unique volatile chemical breathprint, based on differing amounts of 13 components.

They also showed that the presence of one disease would not prevent the detection of others.

The technology allows for an inexpensive and portable breathlizer-style device, which costs as little as £24 and is able to screen for various diseases in a non-invasive way.

Lead author Professor Hossam Haick, said: "We found that just as we each have a unique fingerprint, each of the diseases we studied has an unique breath print, a 'signature' of chemical components.

In recent years, scientists have developed experimental breath analyzers, but most of these instruments focus on a single type of disease, such as cancer.


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/...ct-17-diseases/

#2 RE: Breathalyser can detect 17 diseases by algernonpj 22.12.2016 11:35

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List of the 17 diseases:

  • chronic kidney failure (CKD,

  • idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (IPD)

  • atypical Parkinsonism (PDISM),

  • multiple sclerosis (MS),

  • Crohn’s disease (CD),

  • ulcerative colitis (UC),

  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS),

  • pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH),

  • pre-eclampsia in pregnant women (PET),

  • head and neck cancer (HNC),

  • lung cancer (LC),

  • colorectal cancer (CRC),

  • bladder cancer (BC),

  • kidney cancer (KC),

  • prostate cancer (PC),

  • gastric cancer (GC), and

  • ovarian cancer (OC)


  • http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acsnano.6b04930

    #3 RE: Breathalyser can detect 17 diseases by Cincinnatus 22.12.2016 15:44

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    Cool.

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